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殲16相控陣雷達性能如何天線陣元比殲10C多幾百個中國戰斗機
2020-01-11 18:49   来源:  www.kenclickrich.com   评论:0 点击:

殲16相控陣雷達性能如何天線陣元比殲10C多幾百個中國戰斗機歼-16是中国沈阳飞机设计研究所和沈阳飞机工业公

  歼-16是中国沈阳飞机设计研究所和沈阳飞机工业公司在歼11B战斗机的基础上发展而来的新型第四代改进型多用途双座双发重型战斗机,其与歼-11B的关系,和俄罗斯苏-27SM系列战斗机和苏30MKK的关系相类似。歼-16于2011年10月17日已在沈阳首飞,目前已经批量生产并装备中国空军航空兵部队。

The J-16 is a new 4th-generation, multi-purpose dual-seater dual-seater heavy fighter based on the J-11B fighter developed by China's Shenyang Aircraft Design Institute and Shenyang Aircraft Industry Corporation, similar to those of Russian Su-27SM fighters and Su30MKK. The j-16 was first flown in shenyang on october 17,2011, and has been mass-produced and equipped with chinese air force units.

  研制发展歼-16战斗机,是基于中国空军战略转型和升级的追切需求。上世纪90年代引进苏27是中国空军现代化的重要一步,歼-11战斗机的国产化经历了引进散件打通生产线、整机国产化、改进提高、系列化改型发展等几个阶段。在前三个阶段,601所和沈飞公司先后研制生产了歼-11、歼11B和歼-11BS飞机,不仅基本掌握了苏-27飞机的生产技术,还使用国产雷达、航电系统和武器系统对苏-27存在的问题进行了有针对性地提高,性能接近国外第三代改进型战机的水平,有效地提升了空军武器装备的水平。

The development of J-16 fighter aircraft is based on the strategic transformation and upgrading of the Chinese air force. The introduction of the Soviet 27 in the 1990s was an important step in the modernization of the Chinese air force.The localization of the J-11 fighter aircraft has gone through several stages, such as the introduction of the production line, the localization of the whole machine, the improvement and improvement, and the development of serialization and modification. In the first three stages,601 and Shenfei have developed and produced J-11, J-11B and J-11BS aircraft, which have not only basically mastered the production technology of Su-27 aircraft, but have also used domestic radar, avionics and weapon systems to improve the problems existing in Su-27.

  但是到21世纪初,即使是改进后的歼-11B/BS飞机也并不能满足空军跨越式发展的迫切需求,离建设一支“攻防兼备、空天一体”的空军建设总目标还有非常大的差距。上述飞机的短板主要表现在:

But by the beginning of the 21st century, even the improved J-11B\/BS aircraft could not meet the urgent need of the air force's leapfrog development, and there was still a very big gap in the overall goal of building an air force with \"both attack and defense and air and sky integration \". The short boards of the above-mentioned aircraft are mainly:

  战机功能过于单一,与攻防兼备的要求不相适应。歼11和歼-11B飞机基本是在苏-27SK飞机基础上进行了国产化和适当的改进,但是战机的定位和早期型的苏27是一致的,还是一种用于国土防空和争夺战区制空权的空中优势战斗机。通俗地讲,就是防御性有余而进攻性不足。

Aircraft function is too single, and offensive and defensive requirements do not fit. The J-11 and J-11B aircraft have basically been domesticated and appropriately improved on the basis of Su-27SK aircraft, but the positioning of the aircraft and the early type of Su27 are consistent, or an air superiority fighter used for land defense and the fight for the right to air control in war zones. Generally speaking, it is defensive and offensive.

  二:战机的雷达、航电系统和武器系统已落后于周边国家和地区空军的新锐机型。歼-11飞机完全是按照许可证生产的苏-27SK,雷达采用的还是卡塞格伦天线,下视下射能力相当有限,航电系统也相对比较老旧。飞机的飞控系统仍采用纵向模拟电传,横向机械控制,严重影响机动性的发挥。歼-11与苏-27SK类似,仅能使用R-27和R-73导弹,中距空战能力较为有限。歼-11B飞机虽然在雷达和航电系统中换装了采用平板缝隙阵的国产PD雷达和国产综合显控设备,但是出于稳妥起见,飞控系统仍采用了仿制俄制系统的国产化设备,控制能力没有任何提升。

The radar, avionics and weapon systems of the aircraft have lagged behind the new models of the air force in the surrounding countries and regions. The J-11 aircraft is entirely licensed to produce the Su-27SK, radar or the use of the Cassegren antenna, the lower-view firing capacity is quite limited, the avionics system is relatively old. The flight control system of the aircraft still adopts the longitudinal analog telex, the transverse mechanical control, which seriously affects the maneuverability. J-11, similar to Su-27SK, can only use R-27 and R-73 missiles, with relatively limited capabilities in the medium-range air combat. Although the J-11B aircraft is equipped with domestic PD radar and domestic integrated display and control equipment with flat gap array in radar and avionics system, the flight control system still adopts the domestic equipment of imitation Russian system, and the control ability is not improved at all.

  歼-11B/BS飞机换装了国产PL-12和PL-8导弹,中距空战能力有所提升,但是也仅仅达到了国外第三代战机的平均水平。而进入新世纪后,周边国家陆续引进了F-15K、F-15SG、苏30MKI、鹰狮等多种国际先进水平的第三代改进型和三代半战机。即使对岸割据势力的空军也装备了-F16block20、幻影-2000-5等第三代改进型飞机。我军的歼-11和歼-11B飞机与之相比并无技术上的优势,甚至在中距空战能力上仍有一定的差距。对于歼-11系列飞机存在的上述问题,军方高层有清醒的认识,因此2006年歼-11B/BS飞机研制取得阶段性成果之前就已开始谋划后一步的研制工作。经过几年的酝酿,歼-16于2008年正式立项,2011年10月17日首飞。2017年7月30日,在庆祝中国人民解放军建军90周年阅兵式中,歼-16以5机楔队正式公开亮相。

The J-11B\/BS aircraft were equipped with home-made PL-12 and PL-8 missiles, and the capabilities of the aircraft were improved, but only at the average level of third-generation foreign warplanes. And after entering the new century, the surrounding countries have successively introduced F-15K, F-15SG, Su 30 MKI, Eagle Lion and other international advanced levels of the third generation of improved and three generation of semi-war aircraft. Even the Separatist air force on the other side was equipped with third-generation improved aircraft, such as the F16block 20, Mirage 2000-5. Our J-11 and J-11B aircraft have no technical advantages over them, and there is still a certain gap even in the ability of space combat. The above-mentioned problems in the J-11 series of aircraft are clearly understood by the military, so the J-11B\/BS aircraft development in 2006 has begun to plan for a later stage of development work. After several years of gestation, the J-16 was formally approved in 2008 and first flew on October 17,2011. On July 30,2017, the J-16 was officially unveiled as a five-aircraft wedge during a military parade celebrating the 90th anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army.

  歼-16是在歼-11B的基础上改进而来的,相比歼-11B,它有非常多的改进和变化。首先,歼-16装备了国产新型有源相控阵雷达。与同样采用有源相控阵雷达的歼-10C相比,歼-16的机头直径更大,这意味着它容纳和配装的机载有源相控阵雷达口径更大,拥有更多的阵元,预计歼-16的雷达天线阵元会比歼-10C多几百个。更多的天线阵元,意味着雷达拥有更大的功率和更多的工作单元,前者将使歼-16拥有更远的探测距离和更强的探测跟踪能力,而后者则将赋予歼-16更强的多用途能力,意味着它同时间能够做更多的事,探测、跟踪和处理更多批次的目标。

The J-16 is improved on the basis of J-11B, and it has a lot of improvements and changes compared to J-11B. First, the J-16 is equipped with a new active phased array radar. Compared with J-10C, which also employs active phased array radar, the J-16 has a larger head diameter, which means that it can accommodate and equip airborne active phased array radar with a larger caliber and more elements, and it is expected that the J-16 will have several hundred more radar antenna array elements than J-10C. more antenna array elements means that the radar has more power and more working units, the former will give the j-16 a longer detection distance and a stronger detection tracking capability, while the latter will give the j-16 a stronger multipurpose capability, meaning that it can do more at the same time to detect, track, and process more batches of targets.

  歼-16还装备了第三代光电瞄准系统。它包括一个第3代凝视型前视红外成像传感器。该传感器可以在更远的防区外距离上对目标进行精确的探测和识别。此外光电瞄准系统还具有高分辨率成像,自动跟踪,红外搜索和跟踪,激光指示、测距和激光点跟踪功能。其优点是在不打开雷达主动扫描模式的情况下,可以通过EOTS的被动探测功能,实现静默和隐身探测,丰富该机的战术功能。

The J-16 is also equipped with a third-generation photoelectric targeting system. it includes a 3rd generation gaze-type front-view infrared imaging sensor. the sensor can accurately detect and identify the target at a further distance outside the defense zone. In addition, photoelectric aiming system has high resolution imaging, automatic tracking, infrared search and tracking, laser indication, ranging and laser point tracking functions. The advantage is that the passive detection function of EOTS can realize silent and stealth detection without turning on the active scanning mode of radar, and enrich the tactical function of the machine.

  歼-16装备有源相控阵雷达后,其探测能力在空军现役战斗机中,与歼20同样名列最前,是空军探测搜索能力最强的战斗机之一。而有源相控阵雷达的多任务能力,意味着它可以进行地形跟踪和测绘,合成孔径扫描,其对地和对海探测能力,也将优于飞豹系列战斗轰炸机,这为其执行多用途任务提供了良好的前提条件。

After the j-16 is equipped with active phased array radar, its detection ability is among the air force's active combat aircraft, the same top as the j-20, and is one of the air force's strongest detection and search capabilities. And the multi-task ability of active phased array radar means that it can carry out terrain tracking and mapping, synthetic aperture scanning, and its ability to detect ground and sea will also be better than that of flying leopard series combat bombers, which provides a good prerequisite for its multi-purpose mission.

  其次,歼-16在机体部分结构上进行了改进。相比以空优任务为主的歼-11B,为了执行多用途任务,歼16在机体结构上进行了一定的改进,如为增加载弹能力,强化了机体结构,针对重载外挂点,强化了机翼外挂点周围结构。同时,为了提高重载起降能力,歼-16使用了更能适应粗暴起降的强化双轮主起落架替代了原歼11B的单轮主起落架。结构加强的目的是为了重载,预计歼-16与歼-11B相比,在最大起飞重量上可能提升至少3吨以上,其最大载荷超过12吨。载荷大,一是意味着载弹量增加,其次意味着载油量显著增加,预计歼-16的航程可达4000千米左右,明显领先于新“飞豹”战斗轰炸机。此外,歼-16还安装了受油管,能通过空中加油,进一步延伸其航程和作战半径。

Secondly, the J-16 has been improved on the partial structure of the organism. In order to perform multi-purpose tasks, J-16 has made some improvements in the structure of the body, such as strengthening the structure of the body in order to increase the carrying capacity and strengthen the structure of the body, aiming at the heavy load hanging point, and strengthening the surrounding structure of the wing hanging point. At the same time, in order to improve the ability of heavy load takeoff and landing, the J-16 used the enhanced two-wheel main landing gear which can better adapt to rough takeoff and landing, instead of the original J-11B single wheel main landing gear. The structure was reinforced for heavy loads, and it is expected that the J-16 may lift at least 3 tons in maximum take-off weight compared to J-11B, with a maximum load of more than 12 tons. The load is high, one means more bombs, the second means a significant increase in oil, the j-16 is expected to range up to about 4000 km, significantly ahead of the new \"flying leopard\" fighter bombers. In addition, the J-16 is fitted with a receiving tubing that can be refueled through the air, further extending its range and operational radius.

  一架歼-16就如同是一个小型导弹库,一共是12个武器外挂点,最大的载弹量可达12吨,既可挂载各类空地导弹如KD-88和精确制导炸弹来打击地面目标,也可以挂载YJ-83K和YJ-12超声速反舰导弹来攻击海上目标,挂载YJ-91反辐射导弹来打击敌方雷达站和电子设备,还可以挂载空空导弹与敌机进行空中较量。值得注意的是,由于歼16的有源相控阵机载雷达配备了全新的火控系统,因此除了PL-12这样的第三代空空导弹外,还可以发射PL-10和PL-15等第四代空空导弹。

A J-16 is like a small missile reservoir, with a total of 12 weapon outposts, with a maximum load of up to 12 tons, capable of mounting all types of open-air missiles such as KD-88 and precision-guided bombs against ground targets, or YJ-83K and YJ-12 hypersonic anti-ship missiles against sea targets, carrying YJ-91 anti-radiation missiles against enemy radar stations and electronic equipment, and air-to-air missiles against enemy aircraft. It is worth noting that because the active phased array airborne radar of J16 is equipped with a new fire control system, it is possible to launch fourth-generation air-to-air missiles such as PL-10 and PL-15 in addition to third-generation air-to-air missiles such as PL-12.

  随着以歼-20、歼-16和歼-10C为代表的“三剑客”批量装备部队,空军航空兵的装备水平已经达到了国际先进水平,相信在新一代军事训练大纲的指引下,在不久的将来,人民空军将最终建成世界一流空军。歼-16飞机也将在空军跨越式发展的过程中起到举足轻重的作用。

With the \"Three Musketeers\" mass equipment units represented by the J-20, J-16 and J-10C, the air force's equipment level has reached the international advanced level, and it is believed that under the guidance of the new generation of military training programs, the people's air force will eventually become a world-class air force in the near future. The J-16 aircraft will also play an important role in the development of the air force.


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